AARP AARP States Louisiana Voters

How to Vote in Louisiana’s 2022 Elections

En español | Primaries are unique in Louisiana in that a candidate can win the election outright with a majority vote. If no wins a majority, the top two candidates for a particular seat advance to the general election.

The Nov. 8 primaries decided races for the U.S. House and Senate, state legislature, state Supreme Court and other offices. The Dec. 10 general election includes races for public service commissioner, court of appeals and district judges, and other municipal offices. 

Essential info:

  • Absentee voting: All registered voters 65 and older, as well as others with an eligible excuse, can vote absentee by mail. You’ll need to apply to do so — and you’ll need a witness signature on your ballot.
  • Early in-person voting: Vote early and in person at a designated location in your parish. Early voting will be held Nov. 26 through Dec. 3 for the general election. 
  • In-person voting on Election Day: The general election is Saturday, Dec. 10. Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Runoff Election Held For Louisiana Governor
A voter walks into a polling location in Quitman.

Have there been any recent changes to voting in Louisiana?

Redistricting in 2022 has changed certain boundaries of the state’s U.S. congressional districts. Note that lawsuits over the new districts are pending.

What races are on the ballot?

  • Public Service Commissioner
  • Court of appeals and district judges
  • Other municipal offices

For more information about candidates and races or to view a sample ballot, visit the state’s voter information portal.

How do I register to vote?

Register online, by mail or in person:

  • Online: Use the state’s GeauxVote online registration system to register or update your information by Nov. 19 for the general election. You'll need the four-digit audit code on your Louisiana driver’s license or state special ID card to submit your application. 
  • By mail: Download and print an application from the secretary of state’s website. Mail your completed application to your local registrar of voters office. Or call your parish registrar of voters or the secretary of state’s office at 1-800-883-2805 to request a form. Your application must be postmarked by Nov. 9.


Does party affiliation matter in Louisiana's elections?

Louisiana has an open primary system, so all eligible voters can cast a ballot regardless of party affiliation. All candidates appear on the ballot and can win the election outright if they earn 50 percent plus one vote. If no one wins a majority, the top two candidates advance to the general election.

If a candidate wins the primary by a majority vote, that race will not appear on the general election ballot. 

How can I get an absentee ballot? Are there important deadlines?

Anyone 65 or older can vote absentee by mail. Others can vote absentee for approved reasons, such as a disability or being out of town during the voting period.

Applications must be received by 4:30 p.m. on Dec. 6 for the general election. Requests received after the deadline will not be accepted.

Request an absentee ballot online, by mail or in person:

  • Online: Log in to the state’s voter portal, click the “request absentee ballot” link under quick links and complete the requested information.
  • In person: Print and complete an application form, then hand-deliver it to your parish registrar of voters. You may also have an immediate family member deliver it for you, but that person may need to fill out additional paperwork.

Separate disabled application and military or overseas application forms are also available. The disabled form requires proof of a disability, such as a doctor’s letter, a copy of your mobility impaired ID card issued by the motor vehicles office, or a copy of your Social Security disability benefits.

If you’re 65 or older, or have a disability, you can apply to automatically receive ballots for all future elections. And if you live in a nursing home, you can apply to participate in a special early voting program held one week before the election.

How do I return my completed ballot?

Place your completed ballot in the smaller ballot affidavit envelope and seal it. Fill out and sign the affidavit flap, which must be attached to the ballot envelope. You’ll also need a witness to sign, and if you received assistance, the person who helped you must sign as well.

Place your completed ballot affidavit envelope in the larger pre-addressed return envelope. Absentee ballots must be returned by 4:30 p.m. on Dec. 9. 

  • By mail: Mail your completed ballot with proper postage to your parish registrar of voters.
  • In person: Hand-deliver your ballot to your parish registrar of voters. You may also have an immediate family member deliver it for you, but that person will need to sign a statement certifying their relationship to you.

Watch a video explainer on the secretary of state’s YouTube channel. Track your absentee ballot through the state’s voter information portal.

Can I vote in person before Election Day?

Vote early at your designated parish location from Nov. 26 through Dec. 3 for the general. Early voting is closed on Sundays.

When is Election Day? When are polls open?

The general election is Saturday, Dec. 10. Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. You may cast a ballot as long as you were in line before the polls closed.

Do I need identification to vote?

You must show an acceptable photo ID such as a Louisiana driver’s license, Louisiana special identification card or U.S. military ID. Voters also may show a digital copy of their license using the app LA Wallet. Registered voters without an ID can sign an affidavit with information to verify their identity.


Editor’s note: This guide was updated on Nov. 10, 2022, with information about voting in Louisiana's general election. The guide was first published on Aug. 5, 2020.

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