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How to Vote in Alabama's 2024 Elections

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Important dates and election information

Key dates

  • Primary: Tuesday, March 5
  • Primary runoff: Tuesday, April 16
  • General election: Tuesday, Nov. 5

Voting at a glance

  • Absentee voting: You can vote absentee only if you’re traveling on Election Day, can’t make it to the polls because of illness or meet other eligibility requirements.
  • Early in-person voting: Alabama does not allow early in-person voting. But if you apply for and receive an absentee ballot, you can hand-deliver it before the close of business on the day before Election Day.
  • Voting at the polls: Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. Bring an approved form of ID, such as a valid Alabama driver’s license or U.S. passport.

Voting in Alabama

What to know about recent changes

In October 2023, federal judges chose a new U.S. congressional redistricting map to be used in the 2024 primary election, which may alter some of the candidates that appear on your ballot. Check back for updates.

Voter registration

Register online, by mail or in person.  

  • In person: Visit your county board of registrars to request, complete and submit a registration application. Or you can pick up an application while applying for Medicaid, SNAP, rehabilitation services or other assistance. Mail-in applications are available at other sites, including public schools, libraries and armed forces recruiting stations.

Check the status of your application using the Voter View portal.

Registering to vote on Election Day

Alabama does not offer same-day registration.

Primary voting and party affiliation

Registered voters in Alabama do not have to declare party preference to cast a ballot in the primary. You’ll either choose which party’s ballot you will vote at the polls or select a party on your absentee ballot application.

If there is a primary runoff, you must vote the same ballot that you selected in the primary.

Alabama Senate Race

Ways to vote

Requesting an absentee ballot 

You can only vote absentee if you have an approved reason, such as planned travel on Election Day, illness or caregiving responsibilities. Voters with a permanent disability must have their primary doctor sign and notarize the application. A list of eligibility requirements is available at the state elections website. Or call your local absentee election manager for more information.

  • By mail or in person: Write or go to your local absentee election manager to request an absentee ballot. Provide your name, address, a copy of a valid photo ID, the reason for your absence on Election Day, the election for which the ballot is requested, the address to send your absentee ballot and your signature. More information is available on the state elections website. 

Your absentee election manager’s office must receive your mailed absentee ballot application by Tuesday, Feb. 27. The deadline to apply for an absentee ballot in person is Thursday, Feb. 29.

Completing an absentee ballot

Absentee ballots come with three envelopes: an unmarked one, one with an affidavit and a preaddressed mailing envelope. Carefully follow the ballot instructions. Electronic or remote notarization is not allowed.

  • Seal your completed ballot in the unmarked envelope. 
  • Put the unmarked envelope inside the affidavit envelope.
  • Seal the affidavit envelope before signing it. To be counted, your signature must be witnessed by two people 18 or older or by a notary public. Place the affidavit envelope in the preaddressed envelope and return to your county’s absentee election manager. Prepaid postage is not provided.
How to vote absentee in Alabama

Returning your absentee ballot

You can return your absentee ballot by mail or in person.

  • In person: Return your completed ballot to your absentee election manager’s office by 5 p.m. on the day before Election Day (Monday, March 4, for the primary).

Track your ballot using the Alabama elections website. Or call your county’s absentee election manager to check the status of your ballot.

Voting in person before Election Day

Although the state doesn’t offer formal early voting, you can hand-deliver your completed absentee ballot to your election manager’s office by 5 p.m. on Monday, March 4.

Voting at the polls on Election Day

Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. Find your polling place on the state elections website.

Voter ID requirements on Election Day

Bring a valid photo ID, such as a current Alabama driver’s license or U.S. passport.

If you don’t have one, you can request a free Voter ID at your county board of registrars. You can also obtain a state-issued photo ID via a free mobile unit, either by home visit or group event. Call the secretary of state’s office at 800-274-8683 or 334-242-7210 for more information.

Voting with a disability

Every polling place in Alabama offers accessible voting machines.

Voters who need assistance filling in their ballot can receive help from either an election official or someone they choose, as long as that person is not an employer or union official.

If you have a disability or are 70 or older, you can ask a poll worker to move to the front of the line at your polling place.

More information for voters with disabilities is available at the secretary of state’s website.

More information about candidates

Key races:

  • U.S. President
  • U.S. House: seven seats
  • State Supreme Court: five seats

Editor’s note: This guide was updated on Jan. 8, 2023, with new information about voting in the 2024 presidential primary.

Elissa Chudwin covers federal and state policy and writes the podcast Today’s Tips from AARP. She previously worked as a digital producer for The Press Democrat in Santa Rosa, California, and an editor for Advocate magazines in Dallas.

Also of Interest:

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