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How to Vote in Georgia’s 2022 Elections

En español | Georgia’s Nov. 8 general election will decide races for the U.S. Senate and House, state Senate and House, governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state and other state executive offices, as well as several state high courts.

The state’s primary election was May 24, and primary election runoffs were held on Tuesday, June 21.

Essential info:

  • Absentee or mail-in ballot voting: This is an option for all Georgia voters. But absentee ballots are not sent out automatically; you need to request and apply for one.  
  • Early in-person voting: This kind of voting — also called advanced voting — is available from Monday, Oct. 17, through Friday, Nov. 4. You can vote at any early polling site in your county.
  • In-person voting on Election Day: The state’s general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Poll hours are 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. 
Residents Cast Ballots For Georgia Senate Runoff Election
Voters line up outside of a polling location in Atlanta.
Bloomberg/Bloomberg via Getty Images

What's new this year?

The passage of a 2021 voting law introduced some changes to voting procedures, some of which are being challenged in the courts. But in the meantime, here are new rules to remember: 

  • There are new ID requirements for requesting an absentee ballot.
  • Every county will have at least one drop box for absentee ballots; they will be indoors, under constant surveillance and not available 24/7.
  • Outer oath envelopes for absentee ballots must include the voter’s driver’s license or state ID number, or the last four digits of the voter’s Social Security number.
  • Absentee ballots can’t be requested until 78 days before an election, down from 180 days.

A redistricting plan, approved for this year, may affect the boundaries of your district and which candidates run there.  

What races are on the ballot and who's running?

  • Governor: incumbent Brian Kemp (R), Stacey Abrams (D)
  • Lieutenant Governor: Charlie Bailey (D), Burt Jones (R)
  • Secretary of State: incumbent Brad Raffensperger (R), Bee Nguyen (D)
  • Attorney General: incumbent Chris Carr (R), Jen Jordan (D)
  • U.S. Senate: incumbent Raphael Warnock (D), Herschel Walker (R)
  • U.S. House: all 14 seats 
  • State Senate: all 56 seats 
  • State House: all 180 seats

How do I register to vote?

  • By mail: Download and complete a postage-paid voter registration application and return it to the secretary of state’s office. If you do not have a valid Georgia driver’s license or state identification card, you must provide the last four digits of your Social Security number or have the state provide you with a unique identification number.  
  • By phone: Call your county elections office to request a voter registration application. Or call the elections division of the secretary of state’s office at 404-656-2871.  
  • In person: Visit your county elections office. Or you can register to vote when you renew or apply for your driver’s license at the Georgia Department of Driver Services. You can also pick up and submit a voter registration form at public libraries, public assistance and other government offices, military recruitment stations, and colleges or schools with students of voting age.

Check your registration status by visiting the secretary of state’s My Voter Page. If after submitting your application you don’t receive a precinct card in the mail, call your county elections office to check on the status of your application. A precinct card proves you’re registered to vote and tells you where to vote, but you’re not required to have it with you when you vote. 

The last day to register online for the general election is Monday, Oct. 10; otherwise, the registration deadline is Tuesday, Oct. 11, since Oct. 10 is a state holiday. 

How can I get a mail-in or absentee ballot? Are there important deadlines?

Any registered Georgia voter can request an absentee ballot online, by email, by mail, by phone or in person and safely vote from home. Requests can be made beginning Monday, Aug. 22.

  • By phone: Call your county election’s office to request an application. Or call the elections division of the secretary of state’s office at 404-656-2871.  

Absentee ballot applications require a valid Georgia driver’s license, a state ID card number, the last four digits of a Social Security number or other identifying documents outlined on the secretary of state’s website. The deadline to submit an absentee ballot application is Friday, Oct. 28.

Certain voters – including military members and their families, those 65 and older, and people with disabilities – can make a single request that absentee ballots be sent for every election this year, except special elections. Everyone else needs a separate request for each election and runoff.
 
Completed absentee ballots can be returned in person or by mail. Be sure to include your driver’s license or state ID number, or the last four digits of your Social Security number, on the outer envelope. Ballots must arrive at your county elections office by 7 p.m. on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 8.

  • In person: Before Election Day, at least one drop box for ballots is available in every county. Drop boxes are available only during early-voting hours until Friday, Nov. 4. Your county’s drop box locations will be available when you log in to the My Voter Page closer to the election date. You can also hand-deliver your ballot to your county elections office on Election Day, but make sure you get there before it closes.
  • By mail: Mail completed ballots to your county registrar. Mail your ballot at least seven days before the election to help ensure it arrives by the time polls close on Election Day. Postage is required.

Can I track my absentee ballot?

Yes, the status of your mail-in or absentee ballot can be tracked through the secretary of state’s My Voter Page and Georgia BallotTrax

Can I vote in person before Election Day?

Yes. Early in-person voting, also referred to as advanced absentee in-person voting, begins Monday, Oct. 17, and ends Friday, Nov. 4. Unlike Election Day, when you must go to your precinct’s polling place, during early voting you can go to any advanced polling location in your county. 

Early voting locations and hours will be available through the My Voter Page or on county election websites two weeks before early voting starts.

When is Election Day? When are polls open?

The general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. 

On Election Day, you can vote only in your precinct. Check the My Voter Page to confirm your polling location. 

Do I need identification to vote?

You must show an acceptable form of photo identification when voting in person, which can be: 

  • A Georgia driver’s license, even if it’s expired 
  • A valid U.S. passport 
  • Any valid photo ID card issued by the state or federal government, including a free ID card issued by the Georgia Department of Driver Services or your county registrar’s office 
  • A valid U.S. military photo ID card 
  • A valid tribal photo ID card 
  • A valid employee photo ID card from any department, branch, entity or agency of the U.S. government or any state, county, municipality, authority, board or other Georgia entity 

If you don’t have an acceptable form of photo identification, you can get a free voter ID card from the Department of Driver Services or any county registrar’s office

If you have trouble getting a free voter ID card or have questions about the identification requirements, contact your county registrar’s or election office, or the secretary of state’s elections division at 404-656-2871 (toll-free at 844-753-7825). TTY callers can dial 404-656-1787. 

Editor’s note: This guide was updated on Sept. 16, 2022, with information about the general election. The guide was first published on July 31, 2020.

Also of Interest: 

  • Follow AARP's political coverage at aarp.org/elections 
  • Keep up with local events and AARP advocacy efforts at aarp.org/ga 
  • Text GAVOTES to 22777 to receive a one-time text message with a link to Georgia voter information. Message and data rates may apply. Terms apply: https://aarp.info/tcady
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