AARP AARP States Virginia

2021 Virginia Election Survey: Likely Voters Support Improving Nursing Home Care

ltcf summar chart.jpg

Summary of Key Findings

The coronavirus pandemic exposed problems in our nation’s long-term care system that have brought forth a number of policy proposals aimed at improving the quality of care nursing home residents receive.

More than 7-in-10 (71%) of all voters support the establishment of minimum hourly staffing thresholds, with support consistent across genders, age groups, and regions. This proposal is supported by almost 8-in-10 (78%) moderate voters and nearly two-thirds (62%) of conservative voters.

More than three-quarters (77%) of all voters support providing a living wage to paid caregivers in nursing homes, with support nearly identical among age groups and voters in urban, suburban, and rural communities. Clear majorities of moderate voters (81%) and conservative voters (60%) support this proposal.

The questions reported here are part of a survey of 800 Virginia Registered Likely Voters Age 18+ conducted by Wason Center for Civic Leadership at Christopher Newport University on behalf of AARP, August 15-23, 2021. The full research report will explore how voters across the state feel about – and expect candidates to address – key health and financial security challenges that impact Virginians of all ages.

Margin of error +/-3.6%.

Nursing Home Quality Questions

1. The coronavirus pandemic exposed problems in our nation’s long-term care system that have brought forth a number of policy proposals. Please indicate whether you support or oppose each of the following proposals aimed at improving the quality of care nursing home residents receive. If you are unsure, please say that.

A. Establishing competency-based training requirements for those hired to work in home and community-based settings, with some exceptions for family caregivers.


  • Total (%)18-49 (%)50-64 (%)65+ (%)
     N801283218300
    Support74687878
    Oppose6745
    Unsure20241715
    Don’t Know1112



    Total (%)White



    (%)
    Black



    (%)
    Other (%)Hispanic



    (%)
     n8005521608838
    Support7476766479
    Oppose6511611
    Unsure2018231911
    Don’t Know11110


Total (%)Male



(%)
Female



(%)
 n800392408
Support747277
Oppose683
Unsure201919
Don’t Know111



Total (%)Northern (%)Richmond-Central (%)Hampton Roads-East (%)South/Southwest



/West (%)
 n800254190190166
Support7471777378
Oppose67275
Unsure2021201915
Don’t Know11112



Total (%)Liberal/



Very Liberal (%)
Moderate (%)Conservative/ Very Conservative (%)
 n762207265290
Support74817768
Oppose6268
Unsure20161623
Don’t Know1121




Total (%)Urban



(%)
Suburban



(%)
Rural



(%)
 n800122406271
Support74776982
Oppose6384
Unsure20202213
Don’t Know1111

B. Establishing minimum hourly staffing thresholds in nursing homes for RNs, LPNs, and CNAs.




Total (%)18-49 (%)50-64 (%)65+ (%)
 n799282218299
Support71687075
Oppose7785
Unsure20232216
Don’t Know2114




Total (%)White



(%)
Black



(%)
Other (%)Hispanic



(%)
 n7995521608838
Support7173726076
Oppose7641716
Unsure202022198
Don’t Know22330




Total (%)Male



(%)
Female



(%)
 n799391408
Support717172
Oppose797
Unsure201820
Don’t Know222



Total (%)Liberal/



Very Liberal (%)
Moderate (%)Conservative/ Very Conservative (%)
 n762207265290
Support71817862
Oppose71710
Unsure20161427
Don’t Know2112




Total (%)Urban



(%)
Suburban



(%)
Rural



(%)
 n799122406271
Support71697073
Oppose71067
Unsure20202317
Don’t Know2223

C.        Providing a living wage to paid caregivers who work in nursing homes caring for residents in order to help reduce staff turnover. A living wage allows employees to earn enough to afford adequate shelter, food, and other basic necessities.




Total (%)18-49 (%)50-64 (%)65+ (%)
 n800282218299
Support77767777
Oppose12131411
Unsure1011911
Don’t Know1011


 Total (%)White



(%)
Black



(%)
Other (%)Hispanic



(%)
 n7995521608738
Support7775935879
Oppose121242916
Unsure10123135
Don’t Know11010




Total (%)Male



(%)
Female



(%)
 n800392408
Support777281
Oppose12187
Unsure10912
Don’t Know110




Total (%)Northern (%)Richmond-Central (%)Hampton Roads-East (%)South/Southwest



/West (%)
 n800253190190167
Support7778787280
Oppose121214167
Unsure101081211
Don’t Know10012




Total (%)Liberal/



Very Liberal (%)
Moderate (%)Conservative/ Very Conservative (%)
 n762207265290
Support77988160
Oppose1211121
Unsure101819
Don’t Know1000



Total (%)Urban



(%)
Suburban



(%)
Rural



(%)
 n800122407271
Support77787875
Oppose1291214
Unsure10121010
Don’t Know1101

D. Requiring providers to supply training in infection prevention and control for all direct-care workers in residential care settings and home care agencies.




Total (%)18-49 (%)50-64 (%)65+ (%)
 n801283218300
Support85848487
Oppose5464
Unsure1012108
Don’t Know1011




Total (%)White



(%)
Black



(%)
Other (%)Hispanic



(%)
 n7985521608938
Support8584967284
Oppose5411216
Unsure10114160
Don’t Know11000




Total (%)Male



(%)
Female



(%)
 n800392408
Support858387
Oppose563
Unsure101010
Don’t Know101




Total (%)Northern (%)Richmond-Central (%)Hampton Roads-East (%)South/Southwest



/West (%)
 n801253190190167
Support8581888686
Oppose56433
Unsure101271010
Don’t Know10122




Total (%)Liberal/



Very Liberal (%)
Moderate (%)Conservative/ Very Conservative (%)
 n762207265290
Support85938680
Oppose5138
Unsure1061012
Don’t Know1101




Total (%)Urban



(%)
Suburban



(%)
Rural



(%)
 n801123407271
Support85898386
Oppose5164
Unsure1010119
Don’t Know1102

E. Requiring employers to provide direct-care workers a reasonable amount of paid sick leave.




Total (%)18-49 (%)50-64 (%)65+ (%)
 n799283217299
Support82848578
Oppose89610
Unsure86911
Don’t Know1211




Total (%)White



(%)
Black



(%)
Other (%)Hispanic



(%)
 n7985521598838
Support8282916484
Oppose8732413
Unsure89493
Don’t Know11130




Total (%)Male



(%)
Female



(%)
 n800392408
Support827688
Oppose8134
Unsure898
Don’t Know121




Total (%)Northern (%)Richmond-Central (%)Hampton Roads-East (%)South/Southwest



/West (%)
 n801254190190166
Support8282828084
Oppose8115116
Unsure871198
Don’t Know10212




Total (%)Liberal/



Very Liberal (%)
Moderate (%)Conservative/ Very Conservative (%)
 n762207265290
Support82988668
Oppose81715
Unsure81616
Don’t Know1011




Total (%)Urban



(%)
Suburban



(%)
Rural



(%)
 n801123407271
Support82848281
Oppose87106
Unsure88810
Don’t Know1113

Demographics

EDUC: Could you tell me the highest level of school or college you had the opportunity to complete:

           

High school or less                      15

Vo-Tech                                       6

Some college                              28

College or more                           49

HISPANIC: Do you consider yourself to be Hispanic or Latino?   

Yes                                            4                                               

No                                            94                                

Dk/ref (vol)                                  2                      

RACE: Do you consider yourself to be:  

White                                        69                         

Black or African American          20       

Other                                        11        

RELIG: What is your religious preference, are you Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, another religion, or no religion?

Protestant                                 41                                

Christian (non-specific)              12        

Catholic                                    13        

Jewish                                        1          

Other                                          6        

None                                        21        

Dk/ref (vol)                                  5           

IDEOL: When it comes to your ideology, would you consider yourself to be…

Very conservative                        9

Conservative                             17

Moderate                                  33

Liberal                                      25

Very liberal                                11

Dk/ref(vol)                                  5

PARTY: In politics today, do you generally consider yourself to be a Republican, a Democrat, or an Independent?

Republican                                28        

Democrat                                  37

Independent                              32

No Preference/party (vol)4  

Dk/Ref (vol)                                3

PARTYLN

Lean Republican                       39                    

Lean Democrat                         34        

Independent                              17

Dk/ref (vol)                                10

AGE: (Recorded as exact year of birth)

18-24                                          4          

25-34                                          8        

35-44                                        18        

45-54                                        14        

55 & older                                 56        

INCOME: And, just for statistical purposes, in which of the following categories does your family income fall?

Under $25,000                            5        

$25-$49,999                              16

$50-$74,999                              16

$75-$99,999                              17

$100,000-$149,999                    17

Over $150,000                           17

Dk/ref (vol)                                12

CELL/LANDLINE

Cell                                           35        

Landline                                    65

SEX:

Male                                         49

Female                                     51

REGION

Northern Virginia                       32

Richmond-Central                      24

Hampton Roads-East                24

South/Southwest/West              21


Methodology

The results of this poll are based on 800 interviews of registered Virginia voters who are likely general election voters, including 277 on landline and 523 on cell phone, conducted August 15-23, 2021. A likely general election voter is one who has voted in at least two of the last four general elections or is newly registered in the last 12 months and indicates they are enthusiastic and plan to vote in the upcoming November 2 election. The margin of error for the whole survey is +/-3.6% at the 95% level of confidence. This means that if 50% of respondents indicate a topline view on an issue, we can be 95% confident that the population’s view on that issue is somewhere between 46.4% and 53.6%. The margin of error for subgroups may be higher. All error margins have been adjusted to account for the survey’s design effect, which is 1.1 in this survey. The design effect is a factor representing the survey’s deviation from a simple random sample and takes into account decreases in precision due to sample design and weighting procedures. In addition to sampling error, the other potential sources of error include non-response, question wording, and interviewer error. Percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding. The response rate (AAPOR RRI Standard Definition) for the survey was 12%. Five callbacks were employed in the fielding process. Live calling was conducted by Dynata. The data reported here are weighted using an iterative weighting process on region, age, race, sex, and education to reflect as closely as possible the population of Virginia’s November 2, 2021 electorate.

For more information, contact Kate Bridges at kbridges@aarp.org

AARP.ORG/RESEARCH | © 2021 AARP ALL RIGHTS RESERVED  

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