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How to Vote in Ohio's 2022 Elections

En español | Ohio’s Nov. 8 general election will decide races for the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, the state House and Senate, the governorship, the state attorney general and other offices. Ohio’s congressional and gubernatorial primary took place on May 3. A separate primary for the state legislature, the state Central Committee and other local offices was held on Aug. 2.


Essential info:

  • Absentee voting: Ohio is a no-excuse voting state, which means all registered voters can apply for and receive an absentee ballot. 
  • Early in-person voting: Early in-person voting in the general begins Oct. 12 and lasts through Nov. 7. Voters should check the location of early in-person voting with their county boards of elections prior to going to vote.
  • In-person voting on Election Day: The general election is Nov. 8. Polls are open from 6:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.

What's new this year?

The state’s redistricting plan to redraw U.S. congressional and state legislative districts has not yet been finalized due to ongoing disputes and litigation. Check back for updates.

Voters Across The Country Head To The Polls For The Midterm Elections
Voters cast ballots at a polling place in Kent.
Jeff Swensen/Getty Images

What races are on the ballot?

  • Governor: Mike DeWine (R), Nan Whaley (D)
  • U.S. Senate:  Rep. Tim Ryan (D), J.D. Vance (R)
  • U.S. House: All 15 seats
  • State House: 99 seats
  • State Senate: 17 seats

How do I register to vote?

Online: Use the state’s voter registration portal to register, check the status of your application or update your registration. You may also register or update your personal information while applying for or renewing your Ohio driver’s license.  You’ll need a state driver’s license or Ohio identification number to register online. The deadline to register is Oct. 11 for the general.

By mail: Download a voter registration application from the state elections website, print it, fill it out and mail it to your county boards of elections. You can also call the Ohio secretary of state’s office toll-free at 877-767-6446, ext. 1, and request an application be mailed to you.

In person: Registration forms are also available at any county boards of elections office, any Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles location, public high schools and libraries, and various government offices. There's a full list of locations on the Ohio secretary of state’s website.

How can I get an absentee ballot? Are there important deadlines?

All registered voters can vote by absentee ballot without providing a reason.

  • Phone and mail: You can get an application for an absentee ballot mailed to you by calling your county boards of elections and requesting one. The deadline to request an absentee ballot by mail is noon on Nov. 5. You can also make your own application to request an absentee ballot. Requirements for a self-made application and where to mail it are available on the state elections website.
  • In person: Visit your county boards of elections during office hours to request an application. A directory with office hours is available on the state elections website. The deadline to request an absentee ballot in person is the Saturday before Election Day.

Completed absentee ballots that are mailed back must be postmarked no later than one day before Election Day (Nov. 7) and received by your county boards of elections within 10 days after the election. Absentee ballots can be returned in person to your county boards of elections by the close of polls on Election Day — that's 7:30 p.m. for the Nov. 8 general election.

Drop boxes for absentee ballots are available at all county boards of elections offices. The deadline to submit an absentee ballot by a drop box is 7:30 p.m. on Election Day. Ballots must be returned to your county boards of elections office, not your polling station.

Can I track my absentee ballot?

Yes, you can track your ballot on the state elections website.

Can I vote in person before Election Day?

You can vote in person from Oct. 12 through Nov. 7. Most counties provide early voting at their boards of elections offices, except for Lucas and Summit counties, which have early voting centers. Other counties may also set up early voting centers, so make sure to confirm your county’s location. Hours will be posted closer to the election.  A directory of all county boards of election offices is available on the state elections website.

When is Election Day? When are polls open?

The general election is Nov. 8. Polls are open from 6:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. 

Do I need identification to vote?

Yes. You must bring a personal ID with you to the polls. In addition to a driver’s license or state or military ID, options include a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other document with your name and current address. A complete list of acceptable IDs is on the state elections website

If you do not have an acceptable ID, you may provide either your Ohio driver’s license or state identification number (which begins with two letters followed by six numbers) or the last four digits of your Social Security number and cast a provisional ballot. Your ballot will be counted after your information is verified by state elections officials. If you don’t have the above information, you can still vote by using a provisional ballot, but you must return to your boards of elections office seven days after Election Day with an acceptable form of ID to have your ballot counted.

Editor’s note: This guide was updated on August 9, 2022, with information about how to vote in 2022. The guide was first published on July 28, 2020. 

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