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How to Vote in Virginia's 2022 Elections

En español | Virginia’s June 21 primaries will determine which candidates appear on November’s general election ballot for seats in the U.S. House of Representatives.

What's new this year?

A new redistricting plan has changed certain boundaries of the state's U.S. congressional districts and may affect which candidates appear on your ballot.

Essential info:

  • Absentee voting: All registered voters can vote absentee by mail in June’s primaries and November’s general election. But you’ll need to apply to do so — and you’ll need a witness signature on your absentee ballot.
  • Early in-person voting: You can vote early and in person from May 6 through June 18 until 5 p.m. for the primaries and Sept. 23 through Nov. 5 until 5 p.m. for the general election. 
  • In-person voting on Election Day: The state’s primary election is Tuesday, June 21; the general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Polls are open from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m.

How do I register to vote?

  • Online: Use the election department’s citizen portal. You’ll need a valid Virginia driver’s license or state ID, and you’ll be asked to provide your Social Security number. The deadline to register or update your voter information is May 31 for the primaries and Oct. 17 for the general election. 
  • By mail: Download and complete a registration form and mail it to your local registrar’s office. Or call your local registrar’s office and ask that a form be mailed to you. You can also pick up a registration form at public libraries, department of motor vehicles sites, armed forces recruitment offices or some other locations. Your form must be postmarked by May 31 to vote in the primaries and by Oct. 17 to vote in the general election.
  • In person: Go to your local voter registrar's office and register or update your voter information by 5 p.m. on May 31 to vote in the primaries and by 5 p.m. on Oct. 17 for the general election. 
Virginia primary voting - Alexandria, VA
The Washington Post/The Washington Post via Getty Im

Check your registration status using the department of election’s citizen portal.

Does my party affiliation matter when I vote in the primaries?

You can choose which party’s primary you want to vote in, regardless of your political affiliation. But you can vote in only one party’s primary.

How can I get a mail-in or absentee ballot? Are there important deadlines?

Any registered voter can request a no-excuse absentee ballot and vote from home in June's primaries and in November’s general election. Request a ballot online, by mail or in person:

  • In person: Apply in person by returning a completed application to your local registrar’s office by June 10 to vote in the primaries and by Oct. 28 to vote in the general election.

Make sure your completed ballot includes a witness signature. You can return it by mail or in person:

  • Mail your pre-addressed ballot to your local board of elections. Prepaid postage is provided. Your ballot must be postmarked by June 21 and received by June 24 at noon to be counted in the primaries. For the general election, it must be postmarked by Nov. 8 and received by Nov. 11 at noon.
  • Hand-deliver your ballot to your local registrar’s office or any polling place within your county or city before 7 p.m. on June 21 for the primaries and before 7 p.m. on Nov. 8 for the general election. Other ballot drop-off locations may be available in your county or city. Check with your local board of elections for more information.

Track your ballot by entering your information into Ballot Scout or, if you live in Fairfax County, BallotTrax.

Can I vote in person before Election Day?

Vote early at your local registrar's office or at a nearby satellite polling location from May 6 through June 18 for the primaries and Sept. 23 through Nov. 5 for the general election.

When is Election Day? When are polls open?

The primary election is Tuesday, June 21; the general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Polls are open from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. You can cast a ballot after 7 p.m. as long as you were in line before the polls closed. Use the Virginia Department of Elections website to find your polling place.

Do I need identification to vote?

Yes, you’ll either need an acceptable form of identification — like a Virginia driver’s license or work, military or student ID — or you’ll need to sign an ID confirmation statement. If you don’t sign the statement, you’ll receive a provisional ballot and will have until June 24 to fax, email, mail or deliver an acceptable form of ID to election officials for your vote to count.

What races are on the ballot?

  • U.S. House: All 11 seats
  • The state held its big statewide election in 2021, though several local offices are on the ballot.

A complete list of candidates is available at the Virginia Department of Elections website. 

Editor’s note: This guide, first published on July 15, 2020, was updated on May 3 with information about how to vote in 2022.

Also of Interest

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