AARP AARP States New York Voters

How to Vote in New York's 2022 Elections

U.S.-PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
Stickers are passed out to voters at a polling station in Brooklyn.
Xinhua News Agency/Xinhua News Agency/Getty Images

En español | New York’s Nov. 8 general election will decide races for the U.S. Senate, U.S. House of Representatives, the state Senate and Assembly, and the state Supreme Court, as well as for governor, attorney general and other state offices. The state’s two primaries were held on June 28 and Aug. 23.

Essential info:

  • Absentee voting: You are eligible to vote absentee if you’re ill or disabled, have concerns about COVID-19, or are absent from your county (or, if a New York City resident, absent from one of the five boroughs) on Election Day. A complete list of qualifications for voting absentee is on the state Board of Elections website. 
  • Early in-person voting: Cast your ballot early and at the polls starting Oct. 29 through Nov. 6 for the Nov. 8 election. 
  • In-person voting on Election Day: The general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Polls are open from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. 

What's new this year?

New York’s redistricting plan has redrawn the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts, which may change which candidates appear on your ballot. And voters who have concerns about contracting or spreading COVID-19 can vote safely from home by requesting an absentee ballot throughout 2022.

What races are on the ballot?

  • U.S. Senate: Joe Pinion (R); Incumbent Sen. Chuck Schumer (D)
  • U.S. House: 26 seats. New York lost a congressional seat, as determined by population decline in the 2020 census.
  • Governor: Incumbent Gov. Kathy Hochul (D), Rep. Lee Zeldin (R)
  • State Senate: All 63 seats 
  • State Assembly: All 150 seats

How do I register to vote?

  • Online: Use the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) website. You must have a New York State DMV-issued driver's license, permit or non-driver ID and the last four digits of your Social Security number to register online — and your ZIP code must be on record with the DMV.

Check the status of your registration on the Board of Elections website. And you can use the downloadable voter registration form to change your name, address or party affiliation.  The deadline to register online, by mail or in person is Oct. 14 to vote in the general election.

How can I get an absentee ballot? Are there important deadlines?

  • Mail or phone: Download an application from the state Board of Elections website, fill it out online or by hand, print it and mail it to your county Board of Elections office. Or call your local county Board of Elections office and request an application be mailed to you.
  • In person: Visit your county Board of Elections office and fill out an application. You can also designate another person to deliver your application to your county Board of Elections office and receive your ballot.

The deadline to complete and submit your application for an absentee ballot is Oct. 24 for the general.

Your completed absentee ballot must be postmarked by Election Day, Nov. 8. And the last day to submit your absentee ballot in person at your local Board of Elections office or polling place is Nov. 8.

Can I track my absentee ballot?

Yes. New York City voters can track their ballots with the city Board of Elections online tracker. Those in the rest of the state should contact their county Board of Elections to track their ballots. New Yorkers who serve in the U.S. military or are overseas can use the state Board of Elections online tracker

Can I vote in person before Election Day?

Yes. Early in-person voting begins 10 days before an election – that's Oct. 29 for the general. Contact your county Board of Elections for locations. 

When is Election Day? When are polls open?

The general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Polls are open from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. Find your polling place online at the state Board of Elections website. If you live in New York City, you can find your polling place with the city’s online locater

Do I need identification to vote at the polls?

Only if you’re a first-time voter and didn’t provide ID when you registered to vote. In that case, you’ll need to show a New York state driver’s license or state-issued non-driver ID card, a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck or another government document, such as a U.S. passport, that shows your name and address.  

Editor’s note: This guide was updated on Aug. 30, 2022, with information about how to vote in 2022. The guide was first published on Aug. 6, 2020.

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