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AARP AARP States New York Voters

How to Vote in New York's 2024 Elections

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Important dates and election information

Key dates

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  • State primary: Tuesday, June 25
  • General election: Tuesday, Nov. 5

Voting at a glance

  • Absentee voting: Available to those who can’t vote in person on Election Day because of a disability or illness, work, absence from the state or other acceptable reasons.
  • Early voting: Available for all elections to all voters who apply. Early votes can be cast by mail or in person. Contact your county board of elections for locations.
  • Voting at the polls on Election Day: Polls are open from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. First-time voters who didn’t provide ID when registering to vote will need to bring an approved ID to the polls, such as a New York driver’s license or a utility bill.

Voting in New York

What to know about recent changes

Laws that took effect in 2023 may change how you vote this year:

  • A 2024 redistricting plan redrew the boundaries of New York’s congressional districts, and the new map was signed by Gov. Kathy Hochul on Feb. 28.
  • Voters who have already received an absentee ballot can only vote in person using an affidavit ballot. Polling machines cannot be used.

Voter registration

To vote in the state primary, you must register before Saturday, June 15. Note that applications to register or change party affiliation were due before Wednesday, Feb. 14, to vote in either primary. To register:

Registering to vote on Election Day

New York state does not offer voter registration on Election Day.

2024 Primary voting in NYC
Voters come out in the rain to vote in New York City, N.Y.
Andrea Renault/STAR MAX/IPx/AP Photo

Primary voting and primary affiliation

You can only vote in the primary of the party with which you are registered.

Ways to vote

Requesting an early mail or absentee ballot

Early mail ballots are available to any registered voter. Registered voters who can’t vote in person on Election Day because of a disability, illness, work or absence from the state or who meet other eligibility requirements may receive an absentee ballot.

To get an early mail ballot or absentee ballot by mail, your application must be received by your local county board of elections no later than Saturday, June 15, for the state primary. To get an early mail ballot or absentee ballot in person, your application must be hand-delivered to your county board of elections no later than Monday, June 24, for the state primary.

  • In person: Fill out your early mail ballot application or your absentee ballot application and deliver it in person to your local county board of elections. You can also designate someone to deliver either application on your behalf and receive your ballot.

Returning your early mail or absentee ballot

Once you’ve filled out your ballot, fold it up, place it in the security envelope and add your signature and the date on the outside of the security envelope. Next, seal the security envelope and place it in the prepaid return envelope. Lastly, seal the return envelope.

  • By mail: Either type of ballot must be postmarked no later than Tuesday, June 25, for the state primary. 

  • In person: Hand-deliver your ballot to your county board of elections office or to your county’s poll site no later than Tuesday, June 25, for the state primary. You can also bring your ballot to an early voting polling site from Saturday, June 15, to Sunday, June 23, for the state primary. 

New York City voters can track their absentee ballots with the city board of elections online tracker. Voters living outside the city should contact their county board of elections to track their ballots.

Voting at the polls on Election Day

Polls will be open from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. on Election Day.

Find your polling place on the New York Board of Elections website. Check with your local election office to confirm voting hours. If you live in New York City, you can find your polling place with the city’s online locator.

Voter ID requirements on Election Day

Bring an acceptable form of ID if you’re a first-time voter and didn’t provide one when you registered to vote. You can use your New York driver’s license or state-issued non-driver ID card, a current utility bill, a bank statement, a government paycheck or another government document that shows your name and address.

Voting with a disability

If you cannot pick up your own absentee ballot, you can designate someone to pick it up on your behalf.

If you are permanently ill or have a disability, you can register to automatically receive an absentee ballot for all subsequent elections. File an application with your county board of elections and indicate that you have a permanent illness or physical disability.

Voters with a visual impairment who require an accessible ballot can apply for one using the Accessible Absentee Ballot Application portal.

Voters with a disability can vote in person using an accessible ballot marking device during early voting or on Election Day. This device allows voters to mark their ballot independently, using one of four accessible methods. Every poll site in New York City has at least one of these devices.

More information about candidates and key races

  • U.S. President
  • U.S. House: 26 seats
  • U.S. Senate: one seat
  • State Assembly: 150 seats 
  • State Senate: 63 seats

Editor’s note: This guide was updated on May 10, 2024, with new information about voting in the 2024 state primary.

Julie Goldenberg is an associate editor of AARP The Magazine and the AARP Bulletin. She is a graduate of Columbia Journalism School and is based in New York City.

Also of Interest:

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